Groupe d’Etude des Méthodes de l’Analyse Sociologique de la Sorbonne

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Jean-François Mignot, "Child adoption in Western Europe, 1900-2015", in Carmichael Sarah, Diebolt Claude, Dilli Sarah, Rijpma Auke et Störmer Charlotte, Cliometrics of the Family. Global Patterns and Their Impact on Diverging Development, Springer, Berlin, 2019

This chapter is a first step towards a comparative history of child adoption law and practices in Western Europe since child adoption became legal in Germany (1900), Sweden (1917), France (1923), England and Wales (1927) and Italy (1942). Relying mainly on long time series from these five countries, I analyze the incidence and the developments of domestic adoptions of both unrelated and related children as well as more recent developments in inter-country adoption. In most Western European countries child adoption incidence increased from the early 20th century to approximately the 1970s, likely because of rising demand for child adoption. Child adoption incidence has decreased since the 1970s because of a fall in adoptable children from both domestic and foreign backgrounds. In addition, the people of Sweden and England and Wales have long adopted children much more frequently than those of Germany, let alone France and Italy. The history of child adoption in Western Europe thus reflects major demographic trends since 1900 as well as a North-South gradient in child adoption incidence.

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Dernière mise à jour le : jeudi 18 avril 2019